Yiyili Community was established in 1981 with the purchase of Louisa Downs Station by the Louis Downs Pastoral Aboriginal Corporation. The community was developed on land excised from the station pastoral lease. Louisa Station is still owned and operated by Yiyili community members under the Louisa Downs Pastoral Aboriginal Corporation.
Yiyili Layout Plan No.2 was prepared in accordance with State Planning Policy 3.2 Aboriginal Settlements and was endorsed by the community in 2010. The layout plan map-set and background report can be viewed at the Planning Western Australia website.
In 2010 there were 72 students enrolled. A daily bus service operated by the school collects students from other nearby communities including Moongardie 30 kilometres (19 mi) distant. The school provides lunch for students. Students who progress beyond Year 10 attend boarding school in Darwin, Northern Territory and other larger towns.
The community is managed through its incorporated body, Yiyili Community Indigenous Corporation (formally Yiyili Community Aboriginal Corporation), incorporated under the Aboriginal Councils and Associations Act 1976 on 27 November 1981.